3 Key Areas Where Retailers Need to Protect SAP Systems for Cybersecurity

The notion that most IT staff are cybersecurity experts is a widespread misconception, leaving thousands of companies and their millions of customers exposed to everyday cybersecurity threats.

Technology and, just as important, data, were important even before the Internet fully emerged. For example, retailers were always keen on running their big box stores more efficiently, and leveraging data to better understand their customers.

When the Internet exploded, and subsequently morphed into mobile shopping via tablets and smartphones, businesses of all sizes began to leverage technology such as SAP to run highly complex operations that joined physical and online storefront processes such as inventory controls, order fulfillment, sales, pricing, customer service, and returns.

Because of SAP’s vast amount of code and data, this also means businesses have been wary of cybersecurity threats—from both internal and external audiences. In fact, there are roughly 320 million lines of code in SAP’s Business Suite alone. What’s more, they’ve also struggled to remain in compliance with changing regulatory expectations. 

The challenging part businesses face is that even if they’re large enough to have a dedicated internal IT department, their focus remains on tying business operations to the IT function. The notion that most IT staff are cybersecurity experts is a widespread misconception, leaving thousands of companies and their millions of customers exposed to everyday cybersecurity threats. This vulnerability can be costly, as the CISO of a Fortune-500 company once said“If our company’s SAP system is breached, it will cost us $22 million per minute.”

Three key areas businesses and their IT staff must be aware of to help keep their SAP data secure are: 

1. SAP Systems

2. Custom Code

3. Transports

SAP Systems

A large proportion of all SAP security vulnerabilities are a result of improper configurations to the broader SAP System. This area is difficult for IT staff to comprehend simply because there are so many settings in a typical SAP landscape. Interfaces are difficult to identify and manage, and patch management is not as easy as you might find with Windows applications, for example. 

IT personnel frequently consult with reliable SAP security experts that provide a comprehensive overview of all SAP interfaces; complete transparency of data streams; continuous protection of interfaces; and a proactive approach to ongoing and automated monitoring of the entire system landscape. 

Custom Code

One of the great benefits of SAP for businesses is the ability to customize the system for the benefit of a specific company’s unique business. As an example, a large chain of restaurants will have slightly different IT business needs compared to that of an online retailer of computer accessories. As such, the SAP system running both businesses and their functions each will be customized for their specific needs. In this case, custom code must be developed and implemented for the business to realize the benefits of SAP.

The challenge here is that there are millions of lines of custom code developed for SAP, and it is virtually impossible to manually scan this code for security vulnerabilities. What’s worse, developers typically do not have the proper knowledge needed to fully vet code for cybersecurity vulnerabilities. To combat this, developers and businesses now are utilizing cutting-edge technologies that automate the scanning process of custom code implementations. These solutions are similar to a spell-checker system, and can quickly scan lines of custom code with the click of a button to help protect against any vulnerabilities.


As mentioned earlier, companies that use SAP software add in their own customizations and developments. This means functions and settings often are modified and enhanced, which can lead to changes made to hundreds of objects every day, along with manipulation of data. These changes are reviewed and adjusted in development and test environments before getting deployed to the live production system. Unfortunately, these transport files can’t be checked before the import takes place to production, leaving systems vulnerable to stability issues when the data is transported.

Any slight modification during development and test environments can change critical settings of the data, leaving important applications unable to operate or even resulting in a complete system failure. What’s worse, there can be possible intrusion situations that involve transporting a user and password or other critical data without drawing attention. In response, advanced SAP system solutions today leverage technologies designed to ensure the integrity of transports, as well as configuration and application data that are critical for running error-free business operations.

Today’s business landscape is beyond complex, and the global economy has digitally connected businesses, vendors, and customers in a way that helps move information, services, and goods at lightning speed. This velocity of commerce and vast network of interconnectivity also means businesses are vulnerable to malicious entrants organizations may not be aware of for weeks or even months. On average, it takes a company 80 days to realize its SAP system has been penetrated, and another 50 days until the vulnerability is fixed. By leveraging new SAP security solutions and technologies, companies of all sizes realize they will be defended in a more efficient way, keeping them in compliance with the latest regulations and ensuring their data and that of their customers remains safe.

Thomas Kastner is the managing director and chief technology officer at Virtual Forge GmbH, a leading provider of Cyber Security solutions for SAPsystems and applications. He is responsible for the product management and development, consulting services and IT Infrastructure. For more information, visit www.VirtualForge.com








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